Monday, January 5, 2015

"One Hundred great feats of Russia"

Antimaydan Odessa Novorossia 
  "One Hundred great feats of Russia"

Today at 2:07 pm
 
Fifth Knight of St. George, a priest in the Russian army was destined to become a 29-year-old Stefan Vasilyevich Odessits Shcherbakovskaya. He was born in Odessa in 1874 or 1875. In 1896 he graduated from the Odessa Theological Seminary. By the beginning of the Russian-Japanese War of. Stephen served as chaplain of the 11th East Siberian Rifle Regiment. This military unit was destined to cover themselves with undying glory in the hardest Tyurenchenskom battle.

Then the East Siberian arrows, in fact, some have taken the brunt of three Japanese divisions under General Kuroki.... Early in the morning April 18, 1904 Japanese artillery unleashed a sea of fire on the right flank of the Russian detachment Lieutenant General Zasulich MI Half an hour later the enemy chain moved to the offensive. Heavy fighting walked seven hours without a break. Reluctantly Zasulitch left in the rear of the 11th and the 2nd East Siberian Rifle Regiment and began to have a major part of the order, to avoid complete encirclement. 5,5 thousand Russian soldiers were against 36,000th enemy forces ... The already exhausted fight Sibirtsev were surrounded on all sides by enemies and two hours of fighting on two fronts, restricting the enemy.

Finally, the regimental commander, Colonel Layming NA saw that the main forces detachment Zasulitch managed to leave the field of battle, and gave the order to break with hostility - to connect with his. Stretched flank battalions tried several times to go to the bayonet charge. But neither the sounds of the regimental march, or "God Save the Tsar", which played the regimental band, did not help - the Japanese are simply shied away from the melee, showering Sibirtsev a hail of bullets. Fell mortally wounded the commander. And then before the line was trembling soldiers suddenly appeared on the priest. Stefan Sherbakovskiy. He dropped to his knees in front of the soldiers and their cross thrice blessed with the words: "Christ is risen!" Then stood up and turned to Sibirtsev: - Go for a holy cause, for the Fatherland! Win! clutching a cross on.Stephen rushed forward into the enemy chain.

Siberian arrows with a thunderous "Hurrah!" Rushed to her beloved shepherd ... As recalled the hero himself, "I knew that the fight will be desperate and decided to fulfill his pastoral duty to the end, showing soldiers example of selfless love and his death ... At 4 am I prayed to God, made ​​his will, and stood in the signs Rothe ... At three o'clock in the afternoon the regiment lined up and the sounds of the regimental march moved to attack the advancing Japanese. I wore a stole, took the cross, blessed soldiers and singing "Christ is risen" went at the head of shooters znamenny company. The painting was amazing, spectacular. Without the slightest hesitation were archers to certain death in the fire of hell, among bursting shells.

Only one, before we move into battle, was baptized.Then everything is mixed. Music immediately stopped. Who ran forward, who fell dead or wounded. I felt a strong blow in the arm and leg and fell on his back, unconscious. " Later it was found that about. Stephen received two bullet wounds.One of the bullets hit him in the right hand, he dropped a cross, but then picked him up and took him to the left. The second bullet hit the chest. Unconscious priest carried to the dressing station.

A Sibirtsev, led by their pastor, bayonet mighty blow broke through the encirclement and soon reunited with their! .. feat on. Stephen Shcherbakovskaya was highly appreciated by the command of the Russian army.Infantry General Kuropatkin AN, visited the wounded in hospital priest Elisabeth Red Cross community in Harbin, personally awarded him the Order of St. George IV degree. This award was given for the first time a priest after half a century break. It happened November 27, 1904.

From the book Bondarenko "One Hundred great feats of Russia", M., "Veche", 2011, p. 139-149.

More References to Russian History:



World War II

On September 171939, seventeen days after the start of World War II and victorious German advance deep into the Polish territory, the Red Army invaded eastern portions of Poland stating the protection of Ukrainians and Belarusians as their operation's primary goal and Poland's "seizure to exist" as the justification of the action. [Gross, Jan Tomasz. "Revolution from Abroad: The Soviet Conquest of Poland's Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia". Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002. 2nd ed. ISBN 0691096031.] [Zaloga, Steven & Victor Madej. "The Polish Campaign 1939". 2nd ed. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1991. ISBN 087052013X.] As a result, the Belarusian and Ukrainian Soviet republics' western borders were moved westward and the new Soviet western border was drawn close to the original Curzon line. In the meantime the negotiations with Finland about the Soviet-proposed land swap that would redraw the Soviet-Finnish border further away from Leningrad failed; and in December, 1939 the USSR started a campaign against Finland, known as the Winter War (1939–40). The war took a heavy death toll on the Red Army but forced Finland to sign a Moscow Peace Treaty and cede the Karelian Isthmus and Ladoga Karelia. [Vehviläinen, Olli. "Finland in the Second World War: Between Germany and Russia". New York: Palgrave, 2002. ISBN 0-333-80149-0] [Van Dyke, Carl. "The Soviet Invasion of Finland 1939-1940". London: Frank Cass, 1997. ISBN 0714643149.] In summer 1940 the USSR issued an ultimatum to Romania forcing it to cede the territories of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina. At the same time, the Soviet Union also occupied the three formerly independent Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). [Dima, Nicholas. "Bessarabia and Bukovina: The Soviet-Romanian Territorial Dispute". Boulder, CO: East European Monographs, 1982. ISBN 0880330031.] [Tarulis, Albert N. "Soviet Policy Toward the Baltic States 1918-1940". Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1959.] [Misiunas, Romuald J. & Rein Taagepera. "The Baltic States: The Years of Dependence, 1940-90". 2nd ed. London: Hurst & Co, 1993. ISBN 1850651574.]

The peace with Germany was tense, as both sides were preparing for the military conflict,А. В. Десять мифов Второй мировой. — М.: Эксмо, Яуза, 2004, ISBN 5699076344] [Mikhail Meltyukhov, "Stalin's Missed Chance", М. И. Мельтюхов "Упущенный шанс Сталина: Советский Союз и борьба за Европу 1939-1941 гг. : Документы, факты, суждения." Изд. 2-е, испр. , доп. ISBN 5-7838-1196-3 (second edition)] and abruptly ended when the Axis forces led by Germany swept across the Soviet border on June 22, 1941. By the autumn the German army had seized Ukraine, laid a siege of Leningrad, and threatened to capture the capital, Moscow, itself. [Gilbert, Martin. The Second World War: A Complete History. 2nd ed. New York: Owl Books, 1991. ISBN 0805017887.] [Thurston, Robert W. & Bernd Bonwetsch (ed.). "The People's War: Responses to World War II in the Soviet Union". Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. ISBN 0252026004.] [Clark, Alan. "Barbarossa: The Russian-German Conflict, 1941-1945". New York: Harper Perennial, 1985. ISBN 0688042686.] Despite the fact that in December 1941 the Red Army threw off the German forces from Moscow in a successful counterattack, the Germans retained the strategic initiative for approximately another year and held a deep offensive in the south-eastern direction, reaching the Volga and the Caucasus. However, two major German defeats in Stalingrad and Kursk proved decisive and reversed the course of the entire World War as Germans never regained the strength to sustain their offensive operations and the Soviet Union recaptured the initiative for the rest of the conflict. [Beevor, Antony. "". New York: Viking, 1998. ISBN 0670870951.] By the end of 1943, the Red Army had broken through the German siege of Leningrad and liberated much of Ukraine, much of Western Russia and moved into Belarus. [Glantz, David M. & Jonathan M. House. "When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler". Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998. ISBN 070060717X.] By the end of 1944, the front had moved beyond the 1939 Soviet frontiers into eastern Europe. Soviet forces drove into eastern Germany, capturing Berlin in May 1945. [Beevor, Antony. "Berlin: The Downfall, 1945". 3rd ed. London: Penguin Books, 2004. ISBN 0141017473.] The war with Germany thus ended triumphantly for the Soviet Union.

As agreed at the Yalta Conference, three months after the Victory Day in Europe the USSR launched the Operation August Storm defeating the Japanese troops in neighboring Manchuria, the last Soviet battle of World War II. [Glantz, David M. "The Soviet 1945 Strategic Offensive in Manchuria: ‘August Storm’". London: Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0714652792.]

Although the Soviet Union was victorious in World War II, the war resulted in around 26–27 million Soviet deaths (estimates vary) [This is far higher than the original number of 7 million given by Stalin, and, indeed, the number has increased under various Soviet and Russian Federation leaders. See Mark Harrison, "The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison", Cambridge University Press, 1998, p. 291 (ISBN 0521785030), for more information.] and had devastated the Soviet economy in the struggle. Some 1,710 towns and 70 thousand settlements were destroyed. [As evidenced at the post-war Nuremberg Trials. See Ginsburg, George, "The Nuremberg Trial and International Law", Martinus Nijhoff, 1990, p. 160. ISBN 0792307984.] The occupied territories suffered from the ravages of German occupation and deportations of slave labor in Germany. [ [http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,1757323,00.html Final Compensation Pending for Former Nazi Forced Laborers] ] Thirteen million Soviet citizens became victims of a repressive policy of Germans and their allies on an occupied territory, where died because of mass murders, famine, absence of elementary medical aid and slave labor. [Gerlach, C. «Kalkulierte Morde» Hamburger Edition, Hamburg, 1999] [Россия и СССР в войнах ХХ века", М. "Олма- Пресс", 2001 год] [http://www.tr.rkrp-rpk.ru/get.php?1379] , [http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/History/Article/_Rubak_VelOtech.php] . The Nazi Genocide of the Jews carried by German "Einsatzgruppen", along the local collaborators resulted in almost complete annihilation of the Jewish population over the entire territory temporary occupied by Germany and its allies. [http://www.un.int/russia/other/latv1941.htm] , [http://www.un.int/russia/other/eest1941.htm#english] , [http://www1.yadvashem.org/about_holocaust/chronology/1939-1941/1941/chronology_1941_18.html#top] , [http://www.einsatzgruppenarchives.com/hofer.html] . During occupation, Russia's Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, region lost around a quarter of its population [http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/History/Article/_Rubak_VelOtech.php] . Soviet Belarus lost from a quarter to a third of its population. 3.6 million Soviet prisoners of war (of 5.5 million) died in German camps. [cite web|url=http://www.gendercide.org/case_soviet.html|title=Case Study: Soviet Prisoners-of-War (POWs), 1941-42|work=Gendercide Watch|accessdate=2007-07-22] ["Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century", Greenhill Books, London, 1997, G. F. Krivosheev] [Christian Streit: Keine Kameraden: Die Wehrmacht und die Sowjetischen Kriegsgefangenen, 1941-1945, Bonn: Dietz (3. Aufl., 1. Aufl. 1978), ISBN 3801250164]

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